The appearance of your oral tissues can tell a lot about the health of your mouth. Healthy tissues are smooth and pink. Any changes in the texture or color of your oral tissues, even minor changes, may be nothing, but they can also be indicative of an oral health issue. At Susquehanna Oral and Facial Surgery and Dental Implant Center, we can diagnose and provide treatment for some different oral health issues with oral pathology.
Oral Pathological Diseases
We can diagnose, and provide treatment for, some different oral pathological diseases. These include both benign and malignant issues, including such things as:
- Issues with your salivary glands. These issues can lead to dry mouth, a condition in which your mouth does not produce enough saliva, leaving you at greater risk for gum disease.
- Cold sores and canker sores.
- Leukoplakia, or patches of excessive cell growth.
- Oral thrush. This is a yeast infection that leads to white patches in your mouth.
- Chronic halitosis.
- Hairy tongue and geographic tongue.
- Median palatal cysts. These are benign growths in the roof of your mouth that can cause significant pain.
- Oral cancer. This is the most dangerous oral disease that can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early. It can begin in just about any area of your mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, and gums.
How are Oral Pathological Diseases Diagnosed?
Any changes in your oral tissues, no matter how minor they might seem at the time, should be checked out. While it might not be anything at all, changes in your tissues can be indicative of an issue. The issue may be benign and easily treated, or it could be something much more serious.
To determine the cause of the changes in your mouth, we need to perform an oral exam. We take a close look at your oral tissues and may also take X-rays. We may also perform a soft tissue biopsy. A soft tissue biopsy is a procedure that involves removing a small amount of tissue from the abnormality in your mouth so that we can more closely examine it under a microscope. The microscope allows us to see the cells of the tissue. With this procedure, we can determine or rule out, the presence of precancerous and cancerous cells. Once we have made a diagnosis, we can then provide you with an effective treatment plan to help restore the health of your mouth and your quality of life.
Treatments of Oral Pathological Diseases
There are several different types of treatments that may be recommended depending upon your specific needs. Treatments may include:
- Antibiotics. Antibiotics are often prescribed for infections and may be oral or topical.
- Prescription mouthwashes. A prescription mouthwash may be recommended for infections caused by poor oral hygiene. These mouthwashes are designed to be used in conjunction with improved oral hygiene practices to restore your oral health.
- Oral surgery. Oral surgery is often recommended to remove growths in your mouth, both benign and malignant. Removing malignant growths in the early stages of oral cancer can often stop the spread of the disease. If surgery does not eliminate the disease, further treatment is recommended.
Any changes in your oral tissues, no matter how minor they might seem, should be checked out right away. While they might not be anything, they could also point to a serious issue. To schedule your appointment, call Susquehanna Oral and Facial Surgery and Dental Implant Center at (570) 323-1900 today.